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Variable Label Description
StateUS State names
State AbbreviationUS State abbreviations
FIPS CodeUS State FIPS Codes
State of emergency issuedThe date a state first issued any type of emergency declaration
State of emergency liftedThe date a state allowed its emergency declaration to expire
State of emergency reinstatedThe date a state reinstated its emergency declaration
Date closed K-12 public schoolsThe date a state closed K-12 public schools statewide. Only included directives/orders. Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to entire state
Closed day caresThe date a state closed daycares statewide. Only included directives/orders. Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to entire state
Reopen day caresThe date a state reopened daycares statewide. If a state never closed daycares they will be marked as 0.
Date banned visitors to nursing homesThe date a state banned visitors to nursing homes statewide. Only included directives/orders. Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to entire state
Stay at home/ shelter in placeThe date a state's stay at home/shelter in place order went into effect. Only included directives/orders. Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to entire state
Stay at home order' issued but did not specifically restrict movement of the general publicIf a state issued a stay at home order that did not order the general public to stay at home but instead applied to portions of the population, businesses closures, or suggested but did not order we have recorded the date here to provide clarity to those using other databases.
End stay at home/shelter in placeThe date a state ended their stay at home/shelter in place order or allowed it to expire. Order must apply to entire state
Closed other non-essential businessesThe date a state closed non-essential businesses statewide. Only included directives/orders. Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to entire state
Closed businesses overnightThe date a state implemented an order to close businesses for certain hours overnight
Began to reopen businessesThe date a state began to reopen businesses that were previously closed due to COVID-19 statewide. Order must apply to entire state.
Religious Gatherings Exempt Without Clear Social Distance Mandate*An indicator of whether or not a state exempted religious gatherings from social distancing mandates. A clear social distancing requirement is defined as a mandate that gatherings must be less than 10 people and/or adherence to CDC social distance guidelines. Must be statewide.
Face mask mandate in public spacesThe date a state mandated face mask use in public spaces by all individuals statewide.The order does not have to apply to all public spaces, but must apply state wide. Only included directives/orders. Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to entire state
Public face mask mandate x2The date a state mandated face mask use in public spaces by all individuals statewide for the second period of time. The order does not have to apply to all public spaces, but must apply statewide. Only included directives/orders. Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to entire state
Face mask mandate enforced by finesWhether a face mask mandate is enforced through fines. Must apply to entire state.
Face mask mandate enforced by criminal charge/citationWhether a face mask mandate is enforced through criminal charges/citations. Must apply to entire state.
No legal enforcement of face mask mandateWhether any legal enforcement measures of the face mask mandate are present statewide
Face mask mandate ended for fully vaccinatedThe date a state ended its face mask mandate only for those who are fully vaccinated against COVID-19
Face mask mandate resumed for fully vaccinatedThe date a state re-implemented its face mask mandate for those who are fully vaccinated (only applies in states that never lifted mandate for unvaccinated people)
Face mask mandate in areas with substantial and high COVID-19 transmissionThe date a state implemented local face mask mandates dependent on levels of community COVID-19 transmission
Face mask mandate in schools for 2021-22 school yearThe date a state implemented face mask mandates in K-12 schools in preparation for the 2021-22 academic year
Ended face mask mandateThe date a state reduced its order from applying to the entire state to only applying to certain high risk regions. Does not apply to states that never had a statewide order
Ended face mask mandate x2The date a state reduced its order from applying to the entire state to only applying to certain high risk regions for the second period of time. Does not apply to states that never had a statewide order
Face mask mandate currently in place for everyoneWhether a state has a face mask mandate in place for both vaccinated and unvaccinated people as of date of last review
Banned school face mask mandatesThe date a state banned face mask mandates in K-12 schools
Face mask mandate for employees in public-facing businessesThe date a state mandated that employees in public facing businesses must wear face masks statewide. Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to entire state
Banned other local face mask mandatesThe date a state banned face mask mandates implemented or enforced by local jurisdictions, not including K-12 schools
Judicial decision blocked state from enforcing bans on face mask mandatesThe date a judge or court made a decision to block the state from enforcing bans on face mask mandates in schools and/or in local jurisdictions
Alcohol/Liquor Stores OpenWhether states kept alcohol/liquor stores open during the pandemic. Must apply to entire state
Allow restaurants to sell takeout alcoholThe date when states allowed restaurants to sell takeout alcohol. Must apply to entire state
Allow restaurants to deliver alcoholThe date when states allowed restaurants to deliver alcohol. Must apply to entire state
Keep Firearms Sellers OpenWhether states kept firearms sellers open. Must apply to entire state.
Cannabis dispensaries considered essential businessIf a state considered medical or recreational cannabis dispensaries to be essential businesses. States closed non-essential businesses in response to the pandemic.
Closed restaurants except take outThe date when states closed restaurants (except for takeout). Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to entire state
Reopen restaurantsThe date when states reopened restaurants (for indoor and/or outdoor dining) statewide. If states never closed restaurants, they will be marked as 0.
Initially reopen restaurants for outdoor dining onlyWhether restaurants could initially reopen only for outdoor dining as part of the phased reopening process. Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to entire state
Closed gymsThe date states closed indoor gyms/fitness centers. Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to entire state
Reopened gymsThe date states reopened indoor gyms/fitness centers statewide.If states never closed gyms they will be marked as 0
Closed movie theatersThe date states closed movie theaters. Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to entire state
Reopened movie theatersThe date states reopened movie theaters statewide. If states never closed movie theaters they will be marked as 0.
Closed BarsThe date states closed bars statewide. Unless otherwise noted, bars are defined as establishments that derive more than 50 percent of gross revenue from the sales of alcoholic beverages. Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to entire state
State Casino ClosureIf a state issued orders to close casinos throughout the state. Must be an order and not a suggestion or guidance. Order must apply to the entire state excepting soverign territories.
Mentions Tribal CasinosIf a state order included mention of the existance of tribal casinos or mention of collaboration with the tribes.
Reopen barsThe date states reopen bars statewide. Unless otherwise noted, bars are defined as establishments that derive more than 50 percent of gross revenue from the sales of alcoholic beverages. If states never closed bars they will be marked as 0
Reopened hair salons/barber shopsThe date states reopened hair salons barber shops statewide. If states never closed hair salons/barber shops, they will be marked as 0
Reopen Religious GatheringsThe date states reopened religious gatherings statewide. If states never closed religious gatherings, they will be marked as 0
Reopen other non-essential retailThe date states reopened non essential retail statewide. If states never stopped non-essential retail, they will be marked as 0
State Casino Re-OpeningIf a state issued orders to re-open casinos throughout the state. Must be an order and not a suggestion or guidance. Order must apply to the entire state.
Allowed businesses to reopen overnightFor states that had implemented restrictions to the hours that businesses may operate overnight, the date a state allowed businesses to return to operations at all hours of the night
Begin to Re-Close BarsThe first date a state reclosed bars after an initial reopening. The closure can be restricted to a city or county, but must be mandated by the governor or state-level agency. Did not include guidance or recommendations. If a state never reopened bars they will be marked as 0.
Re-close bars statewideThe date a state reclosed bars statewide after an initial opening. Did not include guidance or recommendations. If a state never reopened bars they will be marked as 0.
Re-close movie theaters statewideThe date a state reclosed movie theaters statewide after an initial opening. Did not include guidance or recommendations. If a state never reopened movie theaters they will be marked as 0.
Re-close gyms statewideThe date a state reclosed indoor gyms/fitness centers statewide after an initial opening. Did not include guidance or recommendations. If a state never reopened indoor gyms/fitness they will be marked as 0.
Re-close indoor dining statewideThe date a state reclosed indoor dining statewide after an initial opening. Did not include guidance or recommendations. If a state never reopened indoor dining they will be marked as 0.
Re-close hair salons and barber shops statewideThe date states re-closed hair salons barber shops statewide. If states never closed hair salons/barber shops, they will be marked as 0
Re-close casinosIf a state issued orders to close casinos throughout the state for a second time. Must be an order and not a suggestion or guidance. Order must apply to the entire state excepting soverign territories.
Re-open indoor dining statewide (x2)The date when states reopened restaurants (for indoor and/or outdoor dining) statewide for a second time. If states never re-closed restaurants, they will be marked as 0.
Re-open bars statewide (x2)The date states reopened bars statewide for a second time. Unless otherwise noted, bars are defined as establishments that derive more than 50 percent of gross revenue from the sales of alcoholic beverages. If states never closed bars they will be marked as 0
Re-open gyms statewide (x2)The date states reopened indoor gyms/fitness centers statewide for a second time. If states never re-closed gyms, they will be marked as 0.
Re-open hair salons and barber shops statewide (x2)The date states reopened hair salons/barber shops statewide for a second time. If states never re-closed hair salons/barber shops, they will be marked as 0.
Re-open movie theaters statewide (x2)The date states reopened movie theaters statewide for a second time. If states never re-closed movie theaters, they will be marked as 0.
Second Casino Re-OpeningIf a state issued orders to re-open casinos throughout the state for a second time. Must be an order and not a suggestion or guidance. Order must apply to the entire state.
Closed bars (x3)The date a state reclosed bars statewide for the third time. Did not include guidance or recommendations. If a state never reopened bars they will be marked as 0.
Closed restaurants (x3)The date a state reclosed indoor dining statewide for the third time. Did not include guidance or recommendations. If a state never reopened indoor dining they will be marked as 0.
Reopened restaurants (x3)The date a state reopened bars statewide for a third time. If states never closed bars for a third time, they will be marked as 0.
Reopened restaurants (x3)The date when states reopened restaurants (for indoor and/or outdoor dining) statewide for a third time. If states never closed restaurants for a third time, they will be marked as 0.
Mandate quarantine for those entering the state from specific statesThe date a state first mandated that individuals arriving in their state from a specific state(s) must undergo quarantine. Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to entire state. Quarantine order must apply to visitors using all forms of transportation to enter the state (not just air travel)
Mandate quarantine for all individuals entering the state from another stateThe date a state first mandated that individuals arriving in their state from any state must undergo quarantine. Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to entire state. Quarantine order must apply to visitors using all forms of transportation to enter the state (not just air travel)
Date all mandated quarantines endedThe date a state ended all mandated quarantines for individuals arriving from out of state. If any statewide quarantines for out of state individuals is still in effect or if the state never had a quarantine in effect the column will bear a 0.
Date allocation plan last updatedThe date a state last released to the public an updated version of their COVID-19 vaccine allocation plan
Vaccine allocation phase: Frontline Healthcare WorkersThe phase of a state's vaccine allocation plan in which frontline health care workers may be eligible to receive a COVID-19 vaccine. Refers to those in clinical & nonclinical roles working in hospitals, nursing homes, direct mental health care settings, etc
Vaccine allocation phase: Healthcare Service WorkersThe phase of a state's vaccine allocation plan in which healthcare service workers may be eligible to receive a COVID-19 vaccine. Refers to those who work in healthcare settings in roles including but not limited to patient transport, environmental services, mortuary workers, etc
Vaccine allocation phase: Home Healthcare WorkersThe phase of a state's vaccine allocation plan in which home healthcare workers may be eligible to receive a COVID-19 vaccine. Also includes those providing hospice care
Vaccine allocation phase: Additional Healthcare WorkersThe phase of a state's vaccine allocation plan in which additional healthcare workers may be eligible to receive a COVID-19 vaccine. Typically refers to those working in outpatient healthcare settings in roles including but not limited to dentists, pharmacists, etc
Vaccine allocation phase: Long-term Care ResidentsThe phase of a state's vaccine allocation plan in which residents of long-term care facilities may be eligible to receive a COVID-19 vaccine
Vaccine allocation phase: EMS ProvidersThe phase of a state's vaccine allocation plan in which emergency medical services personnel may be eligible to receive a COVID-19 vaccine
Vaccine allocation phase: FirefightersThe phase of a state's vaccine allocation plan in which firefighters may be eligible to receive a COVID-19 vaccine
Vaccine allocation phase: Law Enforcement & Public Safety PersonnelThe phase of a state's vaccine allocation plan in which law enforcement and public safety personnel may be eligible to receive a COVID-19 vaccine
Vaccine allocation phase: Correctional StaffThe phase of a state's vaccine allocation plan in which corrections officers and staff may be eligible to receive a COVID-19 vaccine
Vaccine allocation phase: People who are IncarceratedThe phase of a state's vaccine allocation plan in which people who are incarcerated may be eligible to receive a COVID-19 vaccine
Vaccine allocation phase: Residents of Homeless SheltersThe phase of a state's vaccine allocation plan in which people who reside in homeless shelters may be eligible to receive a COVID-19 vaccine
Vaccine allocation phase: Adults Ages 75+The phase of a state's vaccine allocation plan in which adults ages 75 and older may be eligible to receive a COVID-19 vaccine
Vaccine allocation phase: Adults Ages 65+The phase of a state's vaccine allocation plan in which adults ages 65 and older may be eligible to receive a COVID-19 vaccine
Vaccine allocation phase: Adults w/ High-Risk Medical ConditionsThe phase of a state's vaccine allocation plan in which adults diagnosed with high-risk medical conditions may be eligible to receive a COVID-19 vaccine. Specific medical conditions considered to be "high-risk" are determined on a state-by-state basis, usually with reference to CDC definitions, and may put an individual at increased risk for severe COVID-19-associated illness
Vaccine allocation phase: Pre-K-12 School EmployeesThe phase of a state's vaccine allocation plan in which child care, pre-school, and K-12 school employees may be eligible to receive a COVID-19 vaccine. Includes teachers, administrators, environmental services, maintenance workers, bus drivers, childcare workers, etc
Vaccine allocation phase: Higher Education EmployeesThe phase of a state's vaccine allocation plan in which any employees of higher education institutions, such as colleges and universities, may be eligible to receive a COVID-19 vaccine
Vaccine allocation phase: Public Transit WorkersThe phase of a state's vaccine allocation plan in which public transit workers may be eligible to receive a COVID-19 vaccine
Vaccine allocation phase: Food Supply WorkersThe phase of a state's vaccine allocation plan in which food supply workers may be eligible to receive a COVID-19 vaccine. Refers to those who work in roles directly involved with food processing and/or packing
Vaccine allocation phase: Grocery Store WorkersThe phase of a state's vaccine allocation plan in which grocery store workers may be eligible to receive a COVID-19 vaccine
Vaccine allocation phase: Frontline Essential WorkersThe phase of a state's vaccine allocation plan in which frontline workers essential to maintaining critical infrastructure may be eligible to receive a COVID-19 vaccine. May include but is not limited to those who work in sectors such as postal service, utilities, transportation and logistics, etc
Vaccine allocation phase: Additional Essential WorkersThe phase of a state's vaccine allocation plan in which additional essential workers in public-facing settings may be eligible to receive a COVID-19 vaccine. May refer to those who work in sectors including but not limited to hospitality, fitness/exercise, retail, etc
Vaccine allocation phase: General PublicThe phase of a state's vaccine allocation plan in which the COVID-19 vaccine will be widely available to the general public
Date adults ages 80+ became eligible for vaccinationThe date in which a state made adults ages 80+ eligible for COVID-19 vaccination
Date adults ages 75+ became eligible for vaccinationThe date in which a state made adults ages 75+ eligible for COVID-19 vaccination
Date adults ages 70+ became eligible for vaccinationThe date in which a state made adults ages 70+ eligible for COVID-19 vaccination
Date adults ages 65+ became eligible for vaccinationThe date in which a state made adults ages 65+ eligible for COVID-19 vaccination
Date adults ages 60+ became eligible for vaccinationThe date in which a state made adults ages 60+ eligible for COVID-19 vaccination
Date adults ages 55+ became eligible for vaccinationThe date in which a state made adults ages 55+ eligible for COVID-19 vaccination
Date adults ages 50+ became eligible for vaccinationThe date in which a state made adults ages 50+ eligible for COVID-19 vaccination
Date adults ages 45+ became eligible for vaccinationThe date in which a state made adults ages 45+ eligible for COVID-19 vaccination
Date adults ages 40+ became eligible for vaccinationThe date in which a state made adults ages 40+ eligible for COVID-19 vaccination
Date adults ages 30+ became eligible for vaccinationThe date in which a state made adults ages 30+ eligible for COVID-19 vaccination
Date K-12 school employees became eligible for vaccinationThe date in which a state made K-12 school employees eligible for COVID-19 vaccination
Date grocery store workers became eligible for vaccinationThe date in which a state made grocery store workers eligible for COVID-19 vaccination
Date incarcerated people became eligible for vaccinationThe date in which a state made incarcerated people eligible for COVID-19 vaccination
Date general public became eligible for vaccinationThe date in which a state made the general public eligible for COVID-19 vaccination
Adults ages 65+ prioritized ahead of essential workersIf a state prioritizes adults ages 65+ for COVID-19 vaccination ahead of essential workers
Prioritization by race/ethnicityIf a state explicitly prioritizes certain individuals for COVID-19 vaccination by race/ethnicity
Proof of work eligibility requirement for vaccinationIf a state requires proof of occupation to be eligible for COVID-19 vaccine prioritization
Proof of age eligibility requirement for vaccinationIf a state requires proof of age to be eligible for COVID-19 vaccine prioritization
Proof of residency requirement for vaccinationIf a state requires proof of residency to be eligible for COVID-19 vaccine prioritization
Penalty for failure to comply with COVID-19 vaccine distribution requirementsIf a state enforces punitive measures on providers for failing to adhere to COVID-19 vaccine distribution requirements. Penalties may include a fine to the vaccine provider or distribution facility, revocation of provider's license, and forced vaccine reallocation/halting further delivery of vaccine supply
Expanded scope of practice of certain health providers to administer COVID-19 vaccinesIf a state expanded the scope of practice of certain health care providers (i.e. EMTs, paramedics, nursing & medical students, etc.) to allow for COVID-19 vaccine administration
First overall eviction moratorium startThe date at least one state actor first prohibited some part of the eviction process. This may include suspending notice of eviction to tenants, suspending filing of eviction claims, suspending hearings on eviction, suspending entry of judgments or issuance of writs of eviction, or suspending enforcement of eviction orders or writs. State actors may include governors, legislative bodies, or courts.
First overall eviction moratorium endThe date that any remaining prohibitions on any part of the eviction process expired. No eviction prohibitions were in place in any part of the eviction process and any stages that were previously frozen could restart on this date, including notice of eviction to tenants, filing of eviction claims, hearings on eviction, entry of judgment or issuance of writs of eviction, and enforcement of eviction orders or writs. No eviction prohibitions remained in place on any aspect of the eviction process.
Second overall eviction moratorium startThe date at least one state actor prohibited some part of the eviction process for a second non-contiguous period during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Second overall eviction moratorium endThe date that any remaining prohibitions on any part of the eviction process expired for a second non-contiguous period during the COVID-19 pandemic. No eviction prohibitions remained in place on any aspect of the eviction process.
Third overall eviction moratorium startThe date at least one state actor prohibited some part of the eviction process for a third non-contiguous period during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Third overall eviction moratorium endThe date that any remaining prohibitions on any part of the eviction process expired for a third non-contiguous period during the COVID-19 pandemic. No eviction prohibitions remained in place on any aspect of the eviction process.
Eviction moratorium currently in placeWhether a state currently has an eviction moratorium in place as of the date of last review
First eviction initiation ban startThe date a state actor started prohibiting landlords from giving notice of or filing an eviction action.
First eviction initiation ban endThe date no remaining prohibition on giving notice of or filing for eviction remained and landlords could file an eviction action.
Second eviction initiation ban startThe date a state actor started prohibiting landlords from giving notice of or filing an eviction action for a second non-contiguous period during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Second eviction initiation ban endThe date no prohibition on giving notice of or filing for eviction remained and landlords could file an eviction action for a second non-contiguous period during the COVID-19 pandemic.
First eviction hearing ban startThe date that a state actor started prohibiting courts from holding eviction hearings.
First eviction hearing ban endThe date no prohibition on a court’s ability to hold eviction hearings remained and courts could start holding eviction hearings.
Second eviction hearing ban startThe date a state actor started prohibiting courts from holding eviction hearings for a second non-contiguous period during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Second eviction hearing ban endThe date no prohibition on a court’s ability to hold eviction hearings remained and courts could start holding eviction hearings for a second non-contiguous period during the COVID-19 pandemic.
First eviction enforcement ban startThe date a state actor started prohibiting law enforcement personnel from enforcing orders of eviction.
First eviction enforcement ban endThe date a state actor lifted its prohibition on law enforcement personnel enforcing orders of eviction and law enforcement could resume executing orders of eviction.
Second eviction enforcement ban startThe date a state actor started prohibiting law enforcement personnel from enforcing orders of eviction for a second non-contiguous period during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Second eviction enforcement ban endThe date a state actor lifted its prohibition on law enforcement personnel enforcing orders of eviction and law enforcement could resume executing orders of eviction for a second non-contiguous period during the COVID-19 pandemic.
COVID-19 hardship limitation startThe date a state limited a prohibition on some part of the eviction process to tenants who were experiencing an economic or health-related hardship due to COVID-19. Other tenants were not protected by moratoria.
COVID-19 hardship limitation endThe date a state actor lifted its prohibition on some part of the eviction process that was limited to COVID-19 hardship or lifted the COVID-19 hardship requirement.
Second COVID-19 hardship limitation startThe date a state actor started limiting a prohibition on some part of the eviction process to tenants who were experiencing an economic or health-related hardship due to COVID-19 for a second non-contiguous period during the COVID-19 pandemic. Other tenants were not covered by moratoria.
Second COVID-19 hardship limitation endThe date a state actor lifted its prohibition on some part of the eviction process that was limited to COVID-19 hardship or lifted the COVID-19 hardship requirement for a second non-contiguous period during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Non-payment limitation startThe date a state actor started limiting a prohibition on some part of the eviction process to evictions where the cause of action was for non-payment of rent. Other reasons for filing an eviction were not prohibited.
Non-payment limitation endThe date a state actor lifted its prohibition on some part of the eviction process only where the cause of action was for the tenant’s non-payment of rent.
Second non-payment limitation startThe date a state actor started limiting a prohibition on some part of the eviction process to evictions where the cause of action was for non-payment of rent for a second non-contiguous period during the COVID-19 pandemic. Other reasons for filing an eviction were not prohibited.
Second non-payment limitation endThe date a state actor lifted its prohibition on some part of the eviction process only where the cause of action was for the tenant’s non-payment of rent for a second non-contiguous period during the COVID-19 pandemic.
CARES Act pleading startThe date a state actor started requiring that a landlord filing for eviction provide a certification or affirmation that the property is not covered by the federal CARES Act eviction moratorium.
CARES Act pleading endThe date a state actor lifted the requirement that a landlord filing for eviction provide a certification/affirmation that the property is not covered by the federal CARES Act eviction moratorium.
CDC moratorium startThe date a state actor recognized the authority of the CDC moratorium in the state or required that a landlord filing for eviction provide a certification/affirmation that the tenant had not provided the landlord with a CDC Declaration.
CDC moratorium endThe date a state actor stopped recognizing the CDC moratorium or lifted the requirement that a landlord filing for eviction provide a certification/affirmation that the tenant had not provided the landlord with a CDC Declaration.
First late fee ban startThe date a state actor prohibited the collection of late fees or the bringing of an action for late fees.
First late fee ban endThe date a state actor stopped prohibiting the collection of late fees or the bringing of an action for late fees.
Second late fee ban startThe date a state actor prohibited the collection of late fees or the bringing of an action for late fees for a second non-contiguous period during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Second late fee ban endThe date a state actor stopped prohibiting the collection of late fees or the bringing of an action for late fees for a second non-contiguous period during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Utilities shutoff moratorium startThe date a state prohibited utility companies from disconnecting tenants from utilities
Utilities shutoff moratorium expirationThe date a state lifted an order that prohibited utility companies from disconnecting tenants from utilities
Second utilities shutoff moratorium startThe date a state prohibited utility companies from disconnecting tenants from utilities for the second point in time during the COVID-19 pandemic
Utilities reconnection startThe date a state allowed tenants to be reconnected to utilities without paying any fees
Utilities reconnection endThe date a state lifted an order that allowed tenants to be reconnected to utilities without paying any fees
SNAP Waiver - Emergency allotments to current SNAP householdsThe date a state was approved the use of a waiver to provide many SNAP households with emergency supplementary benefits up to the maximum benefit a household can receive.
SNAP Waiver - Pandemic EBT during school year 2019-2020The date a state was approved the use of a waiver to provide meal replacement benefits through SNAP, known as “Pandemic EBT” (for electronic benefit transfer), for households with children who attend a school that’s closed and who would otherwise receive free or reduced-price meals during the 2019-2020 school year
SNAP Waiver - Pandemic EBT during school year 2020-2021The date a state was approved the use of a waiver to provide meal replacement benefits through SNAP, known as “Pandemic EBT” (for electronic benefit transfer), for households with children who attend a school that’s closed and who would otherwise receive free or reduced-price meals during the 2020-2021 school year
SNAP Waiver - Pandemic EBT during summer 2021The date a state was approved the use of a waiver to provide meal replacement benefits through SNAP, known as “Pandemic EBT” (for electronic benefit transfer), for households with children who attend a school that’s closed and who would otherwise receive free or reduced-price meals during the summer of 2021
SNAP Waiver - Temporary suspension of claims collectionThe date a state was approved the use of a waiver to temporarily suspend collection of SNAP claims
2020 Q1 SNAP ABAWD Time Limit WaiverBefore the pandemic, whether a state had a waiver that allowed them to provide SNAP to able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWDs) who were not meeting work requirements. Without these waivers, states are only allowed to provide SNAP to these individuals for 3 months in a 36 month period.
Modify Medicaid requirements with 1135 waivers (date of CMS approval)The date a state used a 1135 waiver to modify or waive Medicaid requirements
Reopened ACA enrollment using a special enrollment periodThe date a state reopened ACA enrollment using a Special Enrollment Period (SEP).
State previously allowed audio-only telehealthWhether a state previously allowed audio-only telehealth
Allow audio-only telehealthThe date states allowed audio only telehealth statewide. If a state previously allowed audio only telehealth, it will be marked as 1/0/1900
Allow/expand Medicaid telehealth coverageThe date states allowed or expand Medicaid telehealth coverage statewide in response to the pandemic
State had CHIP premium non-payment lock-out period as of January 2019Whether a state had a non-payment lock-out period for CHIP as of January 2019. A lock-out period is the amount of time during which the disenrolled child is prohibited from returning to the CHIP program due to non-payment of premiums.
Suspend CHIP premium non-payment lock-outsWhether a state suspended their non-payment lock-out policy for CHIP during the pandemic. If a state did not have an existing lock-out policy, they will be marked as 0.
Report COVID-19 testing by race/ethnicityIf a state reports COVID-19 testing by race/ethnicity
Report COVID-19 cases by race/ethnicityIf a state reports COVID-19 cases by race/ethnicity
Report COVID-19 hospitalizations by race/ethnicityIf a state reports COVID-19 hospitalizations by race/ethnicity
Report COVID-19 deaths by race/ethnicityIf a state reports COVID-19 deaths by race/ethnicity
Report COVID-19 vaccinations by race/ethnicityIf a state reports COVID-19 vaccinations by race/ethnicity
Report AI/AN COVID-19 testingIf a state reports data on COVID-19 testing for American Indian/Alaska Native people as a distinct race category
Report AI/AN COVID-19 casesIf a state reports data on COVID-19 cases for American Indian/Alaska Native people as a distinct race category
Report AI/AN COVID-19 hospitalizationsIf a state reports data on COVID-19 hospitalizations for American Indian/Alaska Native people as a distinct race category
Report AI/AN COVID-19 deathsIf a state reports data on COVID-19 deaths for American Indian/Alaska Native people as a distinct race category
Report AI/AN COVID-19 vaccinationsIf a state reports data on COVID-19 vaccinations for American Indian/Alaska Native people as a distinct race category
Stopped personal visitation in state prisonsThe date personal visitation was banned at prisons statewide. Order could be from the governor or from a state agency like the department of corrections
Stopped legal visitation in state prisonsThe date attorney visitation was banned at prisons statewide. Order could be from the governor or from a state agency like the department of corrections
Began to resume visitation in state prisonsThe date a state began to allow visitations in state prisons. Did not have to apply statewide.
Stopped visitation in state prisons x2The date visitation was banned at prisons statewide for the second point in time.
Resumed visitation in state prisons x2The date a state began to allow visitations in state prisons for the second point in time
Does not charge copays for incarcerated individualsBefore the pandemic, whether a state charged incarcerated individuals medical copays statewide. Source: Prison Policy Initiative https://www.prisonpolicy.org/blog/2017/04/19/copays/
Waived COVID/respiratory illness-related copays during pandemic for incarcerated individualsWhether a state waived copays for incarcerated individuals for COVID/respiratory illness related charges statewide. Source: Prison Policy Initiative https://www.prisonpolicy.org/blog/2017/04/19/copays/
Waived all copays during pandemic for incarcerated individualsWhether a state waived all copays during the pandemic for incarcerated individuals statewide. Source: Prison Policy Initiative https://www.prisonpolicy.org/blog/2017/04/19/copays/
Did not waive copays for incarcerated individualsIf a state did not waive copays for incarcerated individuals during the pandemic statewide. Source: Prison Policy Initiative https://www.prisonpolicy.org/blog/2017/04/19/copays/
Suspended elective medical proceduresThe date a state suspended elective medical or dental procedures statewide. Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to entire state.
Resumed elective medical proceduresThe date a state resumed elective medical or dental procedures statewide. If states never suspended elective medical or dental procedures, they will be marked as 0
Suspended elective medical procedures x2The date a state suspended elective medical or dental procedures statewide for the second time. Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to entire state.
Resumed elective medical procedures x2The date a state resumed elective medical or dental procedures statewide for a second time. If states never suspended elective medical or dental procedures for a second time, they will be marked as 0
No order to suspend elective medical procedures but did release guidance or orders to resumeThe date states released guidance or an order to resume elective surgeries but the state never mandated that these procedures halt.
No state unemployment waiting period prior to pandemic; or date waiting period waived not foundPrior to the pandemic, whether a state did not have a mandatory waiting period until they could receive unemployment insurance benefits, OR whether we could not find whether a state did/did not have a mandatory waiting period
Waived one week waiting period for unemployment insuranceThe date a state waived the one week waiting period for unemployment insurance benefits. Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to entire state.
Reinstated one week waiting period for unemployment insuranceIf a state reinstated the one week waiting period for unemployment insurance benefits. Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to entire state.
Waive work search requirement for unemployment insuranceIf a state waived the work search requirement for unemployment insurance benefits at some point during the pandemic. Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to entire state.
Reinstated work search requirement for unemployment insuranceIf a state reinstated the work search requirement for unemployment benefits at some point during the pandemic. Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to the entire state.
Expanded eligibility of unemployment insurance to anyone who is quarantined and/or taking care of someone who is quarantinedIf a state expanded eligibility of unemployment insurance to anyone who is quarantined and/or taking care of someone who is quarantined during the pandemic. Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to entire state.
Expanded eligibility to high-risk individuals in preventative quarantineIf a state explicitly defines individuals at high risk of COVID-19 who are undergoing preventive quarantine during the pandemic to be eligible for unemployment insurance. Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to entire state
Expanded eligibility of unemployment insurance to those who have lost childcare/school closuresIf a state expanded eligibility of unemployment insurance to those who have lost childcare during the pandemic in response to daycare/school closures. Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to entire state.
Extended the amount of time an individual can be on unemployment insuranceIf a state extended the amount of time an individual can be on unemployment insurance. Did not include guidance or recommendations. Order must apply to entire state.
Weekly unemployment insurance maximum amount (dollars)The weekly unemployment insurance maximum amount a state will provide
Weekly unemployment insurance maximum amount with extra stimulus (through July 21, 2020) (dollars)The weekly unemployment insurance maximum amount a state will provided with extra stimulus through the CARES Act (through July 21, 2020)
January 2020 unemployment insurance maximum duration (weeks)The maximum amount of time an individual can receive unemployment insurance as of January 2020
July 2020 unemployment insurance maximum duration (weeks)The maximum amount of time an individual can receive unemployment insurance as of July 2020
2021 unemployment insurance maximum duration (weeks)The maximum amount of time an individual can receive unemployment insurance in 2021
Extended Benefits program activatedThe date of issue of Department of Labor Trigger Notice that first showed the state's Extended Benefits (EB) program to have activated. If a state never activated EB, it will be marked as 0.
Extended Benefits program deactivatedThe date of issue of Department of Labor Trigger Notice that first showed the state's Extended Benefits (EB) program to have deactivated. If a state never activated EB or activated EB but has yet to deactivate EB, it will be marked as 0.
Extended Benefits program activated x2The date of issue of Department of Labor Trigger Notice that first showed the state's Extended Benefits (EB) program to have activated for a second time. If a state never activated EB for a second time, it will be marked as 0.
Extended Benefits program deactivated x2The date of issue of Department of Labor Trigger Notice that first showed the state's Extended Benefits (EB) program to have deactivated for a second time. If a state never activated EB for a second time or activated EB for a second time but has yet to deactivate EB for a second time, it will be marked as 0.
Total Unemployment Rate at Extended Benefits program shutoffThe total unemployment rate (TUR) reported by the Department of Labor Trigger Notice that first showed the state's Extended Benefits (EB) program to have deactivated
Total Unemployment Rate relative to prior year (%)The total unemployment rate (TUR) reported by the Department of Labor Trigger Notice that first showed the state's Extended Benefits (EB) program to have deactivated as a percent relative to TUR in the prior year
Total Unemployment Rate relative to second prior year (%)The total unemployment rate (TUR) reported by the Department of Labor Trigger Notice that first showed the state's Extended Benefits (EB) program to have deactivated as a percent relative to TUR in the prior year as a percent relative to TUR two years prior
20-week Extended Benefits program activatedThe date of issue of Department of Labor Trigger Notice that first showed the state's 20-week Extended Benefits (EB) program to have activated. If a state never activated 20-week EB, it will be marked as 0.
20-week Extended Benefits program deactivatedThe date of issue of Department of Labor Trigger Notice that first showed the state's 20-week Extended Benefits (EB) program to have deactivated. If a state never activated 20-week EB or activated 20-week EB but has yet to deactivate 20-week EB, it will be marked as 0.
20-week Extended Benefits program activated x2The date of issue of Department of Labor Trigger Notice that first showed the state's 20-week Extended Benefits (EB) program to have activated for a second time. If a state never activated 20-week EB for a second time, it will be marked as 0.
20-week Extended Benefits program deactivated x2The date of issue of Department of Labor Trigger Notice that first showed the state's 20-week Extended Benefits (EB) program to have deactivated for a second time. If a state never activated 20-week EB for a second time or activated 20-week EB for a second time but has yet to deactivate 20-week EB for a second time, it will be marked as 0.
Stopped participating in pandemic-related federal unemployment benefit programsThe date a state stopped participating in pandemic-related federal unemployment benefit programs
Minimum total earnings required in the base period to qualify for UI.Minimum total earnings required in the base period to qualify for UI.
Number of calendar quarters with earnings in the base period needed to qualify for UI.Number of calendar quarters with earnings in the base period needed to qualify for UI.
Minimum total earnings required outside the highest earning calendar quarter of the base period to qualify for UI.Minimum total earnings required outside the highest earning calendar quarter of the base period to qualify for UI.
Require earnings in the last two calendar quarters of the base period in order to qualify for UI.Require earnings in the last two calendar quarters of the base period in order to qualify for UI.
Earnings in base period required to receive a $300 weekly benefit amount for UI.Earnings in base period required to receive a $300 weekly benefit amount for UI.
Taxable Wage AmountHighest taxable wage amount going to funding the state UI program
Minimum Tax Rate (%)Minimum tax rate on earnings going to funding the state UI program
Maximum Tax Rate (%)Maximum tax rate on earnings going to funding the state UI program
Average Benefit Amount (August)Average UI benefit received by recipients in August
OSHA-approved state planIf a state has a plan approved by OSHA that covers private and public workplaces, a state plan that just covers state/local government workers, or the state is a federal OSHA state where state/local government workers are not covered by federal OSHA.
State department in charge of enforcing programsWhether the federal government, state OSH, or other departments are in charge of enforcing the workplace standards established
Aerosol transmissable disease standardsIf a state has an aerosol transmissable diseases standard
Air or ventilation standardsIf a state has air or ventilation standards
Permanent paid sick leave SI program prior to COVID-19If a state implemented a permanent paid sick leave social insurance program prior to the COVID-19 pandemic
Permanent paid family and medical leave SI program prior to COVID-19If a state implemented a permanent family and medical leave social insurance program prior to the COVID-19 pandemic
Permanent paid sick leave SI program since COVID-19If a state implemented a permanent paid sick leave social insurance program since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic
Permanent paid family and medical leave SI program since COVID-19If a state implemented a permanent family and medical leave social insurance program since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic
Temporary COVID-19-specific paid leave expansionsIf a state implemented temporary expansions to paid leave programs for reasons related to COVID-19
COVID-19 anti-retaliation rulesIf a state implemented anti-retaliation protections for workers during COVID-19 pandemic. If workers reported issues, utilized COVID-expanded paid leave, etc. they could not be punished by employer for doing so. Must be specified in an order/legislation in past year regarding workers being protected from specific or broad range of retaliation
COVID-19 business liability protectionsIf a state implemented COVID-19 business liability protections.
COVID-19 liability protections for healthcare workersIf a state implemented COVID-19 liability protections for healthcare providers/employers
Branch of government implementing COVID-19 liability rulesThe branch of state government that enacted COVID-19 liability protections
COVID-19 workers' compensation expansionIf a state expanded workers' compensation to include COVID-19 as an occupational disease/illness and/or COVID-19-positive illness presumed to have occurred at work
Types of workers eligible for workers' compensation expansionWhether frontline workers or all workers benefit from the workers' compensation expansion
Data reporting required for medical treatmentData must be reported to state workers' compensation bureaus for medical treatment beyond first aid
Minimum number of work days missed by workers to require data reportingData must be reported to state workers' compensation bureaus when workers miss this minimum number of days
Occupational injuries, illnesses, and fatalities reporting prior to pandemicIf a state reported to BLS the State Occupational Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities prior to the COVID-19 pandemic
Made Effort to Limit Abortion AccessIf a state made an effort through orders or legislation during the pandemic to limit or restrict access to abortion. Order did not need to go into effect to be recorded here.
Use of telemedicine/telephone evaluations to initiate buprenorphine prescribingThe date a state allowed the use of telemedicine/telephone evaluations to initiate buprenorphine prescribing.
Patients can receive 14-28 take-home doses of opioid medicationThe date a state allowed patients to receive 14-28 take-home doses of opioid medication
Home delivery of take-home medication by opioid treatment programsThe date a state allowed home delivery of take-home medication by opioid treatment programs
Use of telemedicine for schedule II-V prescriptionsThe date a state allowed telemedicine for schedule II-V prescriptions
Exceptions to emergency oral prescriptionsThe date a state allowed exceptions to emergency oral prescriptions
Waive requirement to obtain separate DEA registration to dispense outside home stateThe date a state waived the requirement to obtain separate DEA registration to dispense outside of the home state
Medicaid ExpansionIf a state had previously expanded Medicaid. Source: Kaiser Family Foundation
Population density per square milesThe population density of the state in square miles
Population 2018The total 2018 population. Source: WIQARS
Square MilesThe total size of the state in square miles
Number Homeless (2019)The number of homeless individuals in the state in 2019. Source: 2019 AHAR: Part 1 - PIT Estimates of Homelessness in the U.S. https://www.hudexchange.info/homelessness-assistance/ahar/#2019-reports
Percent Unemployed (2018).The percent unemployment in the state in 2018. Source: 2018 American Community Survey 1-year estimates (https://data.census.gov/)
Percent living under the federal poverty line (2018).The percent of individuals in the state who were living under the federal poverty line in 2018. Source: 2018 American Community Survey 1-year estimates (https://data.census.gov/)
Percent at risk for serious illness due to COVIDThe percent of individuals in the state who were at risk for serious illness due to COVID. Source: Kaiser Family Foundation https://www.kff.org/global-health-policy/issue-brief/how-many-adults-are-at-risk-of-serious-illness-if-infected-with-coronavirus/
All-cause deaths 2018The people/year states all cause statewide. If states never stopped non-essential construction, they will be marked as valid 90
Mental health professionals per 100,000 population in 2019The number of mental health professionals in a state per 100,000 in 2019. All column data collected from: America's Health Rankings analysis of U.S. HHS, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, National Plan and Provider Enumeration System, Sept. 2019; CDC WONDER Single Race Population Estimates 2010-2018, United Health Foundation, AmericasHealthRankings.org, Accessed 2020.
Were there casino(s) in StateAre there Casinos in a state for which an order could apply? The term casino includes both those defined as card rooms or casinos and included both those on land and on water.
State has at least one Indian/Alaska Native reservationWhether a state has at least one Indian/Alaska Native Reservation
COVID-19 is not an acceptable reason to request application for mail-in ballot unless sick or exposed (as of September 1, 2020)As of September 1, 2020 the states which required a reason other than the COVID-19 pandemic to request a mail in ballot for elections.
Witness or notary signature required for mail-in ballot (as of September 1, 2020)As of September 1, 2020 the states which required a signature from a witness or notary for all mail in or absentee ballots. This information was cross-checked with 538 and Ballotpedia.
Permanent mail-in ballot systemState already had VBM policies in place statewide prior to the COVID-19 emergency. This information was cross-checked with 538 and Ballotpedia.
Automatic mail-in ballot system in response to COVID-19 (0,1,2 2 being conditional- see notes for details)States automatically mail the ballot to registered voters in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Automatic applications sent for mail-in ballots in response to COVID-19 (0,1,2 2 being conditional- see notes for details)States automatically mail and application for the ballot to registered voters in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Last date of receipt of mail-in ballot request for the general election (by mail or online)Last date to request a ballot for the general election by mail or online. Walk-in ballot request dates may differ by state.
Jan 1 2019 Minimum WageThe hourly minimum wage in each state as of January 1, 2019. If a state has no official minimum wage or a minimum wage less than the federal minimum wage, the federal minimum wage is reported and the state value is specified in the notes.
Mar 29 2019 Minimum WageThe hourly minimum wage in each state as of March 29, 2019. If a state has no official minimum wage or a minimum wage less than the federal minimum wage, the federal minimum wage is reported and the state value is specified in the notes.
Jul 1 2019 Minimum WageThe hourly minimum wage in each state as of July 1, 2019. If a state has no official minimum wage or a minimum wage less than the federal minimum wage, the federal minimum wage is reported and the state value is specified in the notes.
Oct 1 2019 Minimum WageThe hourly minimum wage in each state as of October 1, 2019. If a state has no official minimum wage or a minimum wage less than the federal minimum wage, the federal minimum wage is reported and the state value is specified in the notes.
Jan 1 2020 Minimum WageThe hourly minimum wage in each state as of January 1, 2020. If a state has no official minimum wage or a minimum wage less than the federal minimum wage, the federal minimum wage is reported and the state value is specified in the notes.
Jul 1 2020 Minimum WageThe hourly minimum wage in each state as of July 1, 2020. If a state has no official minimum wage or a minimum wage less than the federal minimum wage, the federal minimum wage is reported and the state value is specified in the notes.
Sep 1 2020 Minimum WageThe hourly minimum wage in each state as of September 1, 2020. If a state has no official minimum wage or a minimum wage less than the federal minimum wage, the federal minimum wage is reported and the state value is specified in the notes.
Oct 1 2020 Minimum WageThe hourly minimum wage in each state as of October 1, 2020. If a state has no official minimum wage or a minimum wage less than the federal minimum wage, the federal minimum wage is reported and the state value is specified in the notes.
2020 Minimum Wage for Tipped WorkersThe hourly minimum wage for tipped workers in each state in 2020
2021 Minimum WageThe hourly minimum wage in each state in 2021. If a state has no official minimum wage or a minimum wage less than the federal minimum wage, the federal minimum wage is reported and the state value is specified in the notes.
Different Minimum Wage for Smaller BusinessesIf a state sets a different hourly minimum wage for smaller businesses